Here’s How Robots are Accelerating Human Capabilities, Instead of Replacing Them?
Published on : Monday 04-05-2020
There are several discussions around the world over the last few years about robots might take humans jobs that will increase the rate of unemployment. That concern might raise worries among workers that are work with no technical skills and require to boost their technical knowledge. This is because robots can certainly take humans’ place and even work better than them, but they also open new areas and opportunities for humans to prove themselves in today’s highly competitive environment.
There is the possibility where AI, instead of replacing workers, will mostly enable them to perform their jobs more easily. AI and robotics can now work alongside human workers, even in a critical environment. According to a Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo 2019, the future of work and the workforce will rely on the sense of balance between labor replacing technologies, those that supersede human strength or rote repetition, and, in their language, labor-reinstating technologies, that create new tasks at which humans have a comparative advantage.
During the first industrial revolution, factories and mass production drew workers to the cities in droves. Manufacturing put individual artisans out of business, while consumers could get products economical and faster. Now with the evolution of robotics and artificial intelligence brought the next industrial revolution, obviously, it does not come without a fear. In the United States, as these disruptive technologies started to spread, they would be taking as many as half of the jobs in the country, leading to another economic crash.
Industrial robots that work in factories have always been the main cause of concern about being replaced by robots. Despite, According to a study from Gartner Research, while 1.8 million jobs will be lost by 2020, 2.3 million new ones will be created. Today, a large number of tech jobs available out there that did not exist just a few years ago such as programming, data science, marketing and sales, among others. The rise of robotics technology will require human workers with knowledge that can create and manage new technology.
With concerns rising continuously over the job loss due to different types of technology, there is now a need for a significant public policy that will encourage the development of the forms of technology and that is most likely to lead to more jobs and higher wages. In addition, enterprises should also be trained their worker with relevant skill sets that can help them work with technology and perform new tasks created by automation that harmonize new technologies such as artificial intelligence.
Therefore, robots are largely a fortunate technology that can improve businesses opportunity but on the other hand, it could cause human workers, not replacing them, but give them chance to learn and build themselves with new skillsets.