Industry 5.0: An Industry that based on the Use of Collaborative Robots
Published on : Saturday 08-08-2020
Considering the current market scenario of the manufacturing industry, there is a wide change in the manufacturing process by creating smart and automated production flows with emphasizing digital communication to continuously optimize production. This production model is known as Industry 4.0, which also brings a variety of things on a single platform such as the internet of things (IoT), cloud computing, cognitive computing, cyber-physical systems, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.
Growing in research and development there are other optimized systems – one that emphasizes collaborative robotics and values human input, namely, industry 5.0.
Compared to Industry 4.0, Industry 5.0 aims to put human involvement in the development and production of factories with advanced technologies. Industry 5.0 is all about granting human operators the benefits of robots such as technical precision and heavy-lifting capabilities. This powers the human to collaborate with the robots to execute and operate cumbersome task in the production site with ease and full control. It also enables the ability to individualize every phase of production in the factories of the manufacturing industries.
Industry 5.0 model creates greater potential for customization to meet the need for complex designed products and expected to create wider scope compared to automated industry 4.0 systems. It may benefit job creation and creates scope high-value careers. The focus of the industry 5.0 to enable robots to do the repetitive, dangerous, and risky task and let humans do the creative, and importing tasks to influence the production efficiency.
Collaborative Robots (cobots) in Industry 5.0
Where Industry 4.0 was focused mainly on ensuring consistency of quality, flow, and data collection, Industry 5.0, while still focused on these goals, puts more attention on highly-skilled people and robots working side-by-side to create individualized products, from smartphones to cars, for the customer.
In Industry 4.0, humans and robots worked independently. They may have worked on the same production line but there were clear delineations between where the robot worked and where the human worked.
With Industry 5.0, that delineation gets hazier as humans and robots start to work side-by-side and even together. These types of robots are known as collaborative robots and will accomplish the required tasks of heavy lifting and ensuring consistency while the skilled human provides the cognitive skills of a craftsperson. It is expected that the cobots can change the relationship between man and machine in the context of production.
One of the most important implications of collaborative robotics and industry 5.0 is the need for human input that extends beyond current iterations. Cobots allow humans and robots to work together on the same task. For example, a robot can do the rough polishing of speaker cabs, while a human refines the work and does on-the-spot quality control.
The integration of collaborative robots and industry 5.0 will create opportunities in the production processes and develop new capabilities for robotics in the global market.
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