Government of India Initiatives for Industry 4.0
Published on : Thursday 29-07-2021
An overview of capacity utilisation of Government of India and Industry Centre of Excellence on Industry 4.0 for talent/skill development.
India – a land of emerging opportunities – has huge resources in the form of manufacturing hub, innovations, technology transfer to facilitate the Industry 4.0. India is a source of manufacturing hub with several advantages such as:
a. Home for young labours
b. Rich natural repository
c. Smooth governance
d. Sustainability for responsible development, and
e. Growing digital penetration and technological adaption.
The MSME sector contributes 29% to India’s GDP and the Government plans to take it to 50% in the next five years.
India has a vibrant ecosystem in the form of technological infrastructures as Centre of Excellence/Common Engineering Facility Centre (CEFC)/Demo Centre to showcase and train the talent development in the disruptive technologies of Industry 4.0. The Government of India has initiated several centres under different capital goods schemes to establish various centres of excellence, thereby promoting technological innovations in deep tech of Industry 4.0, such as cyber-physical systems, edge computing, machine tools, data analytics and many more.
The Government of India has pioneered to initiate the national policies to promote Industry 4.0, which are as follows:
a. Advanced manufacturing
b. Internet of Things (IoT)
c. Block chain
d. Cyber-Physical Systems
e. Artificial Intelligence.
The national policies have the main objectives to promote the Industry 4.0 technologies thereby facilitate the talent development. So there is a need to develop course content to align with national policies of Industry 4.0, thereby reskill and up skill the young minds. The All India Council for Technical Education, several sector skill councils and premier institutions have successfully frame worked the curriculum and course syllabus synergised with the National Policies of Industry 4.0. In addition to the above, several government of India organisations such as National Productivity Council, Quality Council of India and industry associations such PHD Chamber of Commerce, FICCI, ASSOCHAM and CII have been developing learning content, conducting and promoting the importance of Industry 4.0. The National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) has developed online learning content on several technologies of Industry 4.0. Electronics and ICT Academy, an initiative of the Government of India has been training the students through online mode in the several domains of Industry 4.0.
Competiveness of capital goods sector
The Department of Heavy Industries (DHI), Government of India, has successfully initiated the Samarth Udyog Bharat 4.0 initiative to pioneer and adopt the best practices of Industry 4.0 for the capital goods industry. The scheme aims to enhance the competitiveness in the Indian capital goods sector with pilot schemes through the following pillars of strength:
1. Advanced Centre of Excellence
2. Integrated Industrial Infrastructure facilities
3. Common Engineering Facility Centres
4. Testing and Certification Centres, and
5. Technology Acquisition fund schemes.
The objectives of the above schemes is outlined below:
1. To promote technological innovations in the field of Industry 4.0
2. To achieve cost effectiveness in the product / process development
3. To benefit different stake holders including Indian MSMEs
4. To transfer the technology to the society for the benefit of human mankind
5. To connect the talents with cutting-edge infrastructures
6. To strengthen the knowledge and skill through experts
7. To connect academia-industry-government on one platform, and
8. To achieve national gain and accelerate the Indian economy.
Strategies and approach
The classical strategies and approach for the utilisation of infrastructure and talent development is illustrated through the following:
The statistics for the Government of India and industry supported infrastructures for the industry 4.0 is
Government of India has established the Centres of excellence (CoE) in Industry 4.0. So there is a demand to have cluster integration with the following centres
Samarth Udyog Bharat 4.0 CoE and CEFC
MSME Technology Development Centres
Software Technology Parks of India
Centre of Excellence for 4th Industrial Revolution by Work Economic Forum
National Productivity Council, and
Advanced Manufacturing automation by Ministry of Railways (Integral Coach Factory).
These centres has been playing a pivotal role to train the young minds on the disruptive technologies
Research Outcomes of the CEFC
DHI has also established CEFC to facilitate the technological innovations and thereby transfer the technology to industries through partnership model. The outcomes of these facilitation centres are
1. Technological Innovations in Industry 4.0
2. Development of emerging Technologies in several domains
3. Transfer of technologies to the industries
4. Facilitate startups and entrepreneurship
5. Connect students through educational programs, and
6. Skill development in the cutting edge technologies.
Overview of Technological innovations by Centre of Excellence supported by DHI
The centre of Excellence supported by DHI has successfully developed several technologies in Industry 4.0 and thereby transferred the technologies to industries.
I4.0 Infrastructure and research projects of CoE
The centre of Excellence in Automated Manufacturing established as Technical Training Centre by Ministry of Railways at Integral Coach Factory at Raeberalli has several technological infrastructures such as Mechatronics (Pneumatics, Electro Hydraulic, Programmable Logic Controllers, Sensors & Actuators, Power Electronics), Automation (Bio-Vacuum Toilet Simulator, LHB Coach Braking System) and Robotics (pick and place robots).
The Centre of Excellence for Fourth Industrial Revolution by World Economic Forum at Mumbai promotes the Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Block Chain and distributed ledger technologies, Drones and tomorrow’s Air space, Internet of Things and Robotics as well as the smart cities.
The Centre of Excellence established by Software Technology Parks of India has developed cutting-edge infrastructure in different technological industry 4.0 thereby promoting the culture of entrepreneurship and technological startups in India.
The NASSCOM centre of excellence which is the initiative of Govt of India has been in the forefront to promote the technological innovations in the field of IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Big data, data analytics, AR/VR and also tinker with development kits from Texas Instruments, BOSCH, Intel, Qualcom and CISCO. The NASSCOM has several success stories with startups in different potential applications that includes healthcare applications as well.
MSMS being the vibrant backbone of India nation has established technology development centres and tool rooms to promote the technological cultures. The centre has been actively developing technologies and delivering training the field of rapid prototyping, forging, testing and calibration and tool component manufacturing.
The Government of India has successfully modeled smart factory at IISc Bangalore and IIT Delhi to showcase the industry 4.0 technologies and thereby promote technological innovations and train the talent development.
Industry partners with CoE
The technological innovations at CoE has been successfully transferred to industries with several partners such as
A. CoE at IISc Bangalore (Tata Consultancy Services – TCS), Yaskawa, Faurecia, Toyota Kirloskar Motors (TKM) and Ashok Leyland)
B. CoE at IIT Madras (Micromatic Grinding Technology Ltd Jyoti, MTAB, Chennai Metco, Interface Design Associates Pvt Ltd)
C. CoE at PSG College of Technology (Effica Automation Limited, PSG Industrial Institute enArka Instruments & systems (P) Ltd, MAK Controls & systems (p) Ltd, Omega Weld Rods Systems, Thirumala Electrodes Co, and
D. FSM at IIT Delhi (Parametric Technology Corporation, KUKA India Pvt LTd, SingEx Exhibitions (India) Pvt Ltd, Pepperl Fuchs FAPL, Adroitec Information Systems Pvt Ltd, B&R Industrial Automation, Rockwell Automation India Pvt Ltd, Quality Council of India, Mitsubishi Electric India Pvt Ltd, Festo India Pvt Ltd).
Development of Industry 4.0 Training Modules by CoE
The Centre of Excellence at C4i4 Labs, Pune has been developing e-learning modules to train the development and industry leaders in the field of industry 4.0
Digital Transformation in Manufacturing
Data Science for Manufacturing
Product Design for Industry 4.0, and
Customer Experience for Industry 4.0.
The Common Engineering Facility at HMT Machine Tools Limited has taken several initiatives in the field of Skill Development. The centre has been conducting training under the HMT-Shramev Jayate Initiative” (HMT-SJI).
Technology Acquisition Fund program supported by DHI
The Technology Acquisition Fund program supported by DHI, Govt of India has the following success stories:
Development of Four Guided Way CNC Lathe by HMT MTL
Develop Turn Mill Centre & Integrated high precession C-axis on the main spindle by HMT MTL
Manufacturing of Heavy-duty High Reliability Electrical Specialised Power by Allied Engineering Pvt Ltd, New Delhi
Cutting edge Robotic Laser Cladding Technology by Industrial Processor & Metallizers Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, and
Development & Commercialisation of Titanium Casting with Ceramic Shelling Technology by PTC Industries, Lucknow.
Demo centre by Confederation of Indian Industry
In addition to the above the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has established the following demo centre through partnership industry leaders to accelerate the Industry 4.0 in India.
Industry 4.0 readiness tools
In order to assess the Indian industry that includes MSMEs, capable to have manufacturing transformation of industry 4.0, there are several organizations that developed I4.0 readiness tools (online).
1. National Productivity Council
3. C4i4 Labs (supported by DHI), and
There is a demand to develop such tools by academic institutions especially as pilot project by students and faculty members in collaboration with Government of India and Industries as well. This will enhance the talent development of the students.
Integrated achieved Outcomes and Way forward:
1. The Centre of Excellence act as the building blocks and epicenter for the industrial growth and momentum for industry 4.0 in the country.
2. Train the researchers and young minds with the existing infrastructure thereby reskill and upskill
3. To create employment opportunities
4. To promote startups
5. To leapfrog on the technologies through vocational based education, and
6. To connect the academia-industry - government on one platform.
3. Press Information Bureau Government of India (27-December-2019)
4. Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises 27-December-2019
5. DHI Dashboard
Dr T Senthil Siva Subramanian, Head Institute Industry Interface Program, Sharda Group of Institutions, Mathura. Dr Senthil has completed M.Sc (Physics) from Dayalbagh University, M.Tech (Instrument Technology) and Doctoral Research (Electrical Engineering) from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi. He has professional experience of 19+ years that includes 5.5 years in Industry and 14+ years in teaching, research and industry 4.0, entrepreneurship.
Dr Rajeev Kumar Upadhyay, Director, Hindustan College of Science & Technology, Mathura.
Mr Yadu Kr Yadav, Assistant Director, Centre of Excellence on IT for Industry 4.0 (CoE: IT for I4.0), National Productivity Council (NPC), (DPIIT, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt of India).
Dr Rishikesh Patankar, Chief Operating Officer-Education, CSC Academy (CSC e-Governance Services India Limited), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Govt of India.
Mr Vijay Katta, Assistant Professor, Hindustan College of Science & Technology, Mathura